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Report, 2022

The use of invertebrates as alternatives to vertebrates in food production : opportunities and challenges

Capitán, Sara


In its current form, food production adds pressure to climate change, biodiversity loss, antibiotic resistance, the emergence of zoonotic diseases, and other threats to human health. An alternative towards a more sustainable food system is the use of insects to replace vertebrate animal products. Insects are nutritious, can be fed crop residue, and their by-product—frass—can be used as organic fertilizer. In this essay I discuss and outline challenges and opportunities for scaling up insect farming.


sustainable food systems; circular food systems; insect production; frass; organic fertilizer

Published in

Introductory research essay (Department of Ecology, SLU)
Publisher: Department of Ecology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Authors' information

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Ecology

UKÄ Subject classification

Food Science

URI (permanent link to this page)