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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2023

Improving the accuracy of beef cattle methane inventories in Latin America and Caribbean countries

Congio, Guilhermo F. S.; Bannink, Andre; Mayorga, Olga L.; Rodrigues, Joao P. P.; Bougouin, Adeline; Kebreab, Ermias; Carvalho, Paulo C. F.; Berchielli, Telma T.; Mercadante, Maria E. Z.; Valadares-Filho, Sebastiao C.; Borges, Ana L. C. C.; Berndt, Alexandre; Rodrigues, Paulo H. M.; Ku-Vera, Juan C.; Molina-Botero, Isabel C.; Arango, Jacobo; Reis, Ricardo A.; Posada-Ochoa, Sandra L.; Tomich, Thierry R.; Castelan-Ortega, Octavio A.;
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On-farm methane (CH4) emissions need to be estimated accurately so that the mitigation effect of recommended prac-tices can be accounted for. In the present study prediction equations for enteric CH4 have been developed in lieu of expensive animal measurement approaches. Our objectives were to: (1) compile a dataset from individual beef cattle data for the Latin America and Caribbean (LAC) region; (2) determine main predictors of CH4 emission variables; (3) develop and cross-validate prediction models according to dietary forage content (DFC); and (4) compare the pre-dictive ability of these newly-developed models with extant equations reported in literature, including those currently used for CH4 inventories in LAC countries. After outlier's screening, 1100 beef cattle observations from 55 studies were kept in the final dataset (similar to 50 % of the original dataset). Mixed-effects models were fitted with a random effect of study. The whole dataset was split according to DFC into a subset for all-forage (DFC = 100 %), high-forage (94 % >= DFC >= 54 %), and low-forage (50 % >= DFC) diets. Feed intake and average daily gain (ADG) were the main pre-dictors of CH4 emission (g d-1), whereas this was feeding level [dry matter intake (DMI) as % of body weight] for CH4 yield (g kg-1 DMI). The newly-developed models were more accurate than IPCC Tier 2 equations for all subsets. Sim-ple and multiple regression models including ADG were accurate and a feasible option to predict CH4 emission when data on feed intake are not available. Methane yield was not well predicted by any extant equation in contrast to the newly-developed models. The present study delivered new models that may be alternatives for the IPCC Tier 2 equa-tions to improve CH4 prediction for beef cattle in inventories of LAC countries based either on more or less readily available data.


Dietary nutrients; Greenhouse gas; Linear regression; Livestock; Methane conversion factor; Model cross-validation

Published in

Science of the Total Environment
2023, Volume: 856, number: Part 2, article number: 159128

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use
    Animal and Dairy Science

    Publication Identifiers


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