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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2022

The arsenic species in the sulfidic environments: Determination, transformation, and geochemical implications

Wang, Ying; Zhang, Peiwen; Wang, Shaofeng; Song, Yu; Xiao, Fan; Wang, Yumeng; Zhang, Danni; Jia, Yongfeng


The species and fate of arsenic (As) are closely related to sulfide (S-(II)) in the anaerobic and sulfidic environment. In this work, the mechanisms and kinetics of arsenate (AsV) reduction by S-II at different pHs, S-(II))/AsV molar ratios, and initial AsV concentrations in the absence (or presence) of Al-hydroxide were studied, where the concentrations of various kinds of As species, namely AsV, arsenite (AsIII), and thioarsenics (ThioAs) were qualitatively and quantitatively determined by liquid chromatography with atomic fluorescence spectropho-tometry. The results showed that under acidic or neutral conditions, ThioAs may act as intermediate(s), where amorphous As2S3 precipitate was observed at pH 5 in high S-(II)) condition. By comparison, at pH 9, AsV was probably directly reduced to As-III with polysulfide as the byproduct. The reaction rate was faster at mildly acidic pH than that of neutral or alkaline pH, as well as in the presence of Al-hydroxide. The findings may give further insights about the role of ThioAs in the biogeochemical cycle of As.


Arsenic species; Thioarsenic; Sulfide; Transformation; Al-hydroxide

Published in

2022, volume: 307, article number: 135971

Authors' information

Wang, Ying
Ningxia University
Zhang, Peiwen
Chinese Academy of Sciences
Wang, Shaofeng
Dalian University of Technology
Chinese Academy of Sciences
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Forest Ecology and Management
Xiao, Fan
Shanxi Eco-environmental Protection Service Center
Wang, Yumeng
Chinese Academy of Sciences
Zhang, Danni
Northeastern University - China
Zhang, Danni
Chinese Academy of Sciences
Jia, Yongfeng
Shenyang Institute of Applied Ecology, CAS

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