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Review article - Peer-reviewed, 2022

Cytogenetics and Consequences of Polyploidization on Different Biotic-Abiotic Stress Tolerance and the Potential Mechanisms Involved

Islam, Md Mazharul; Deepo, Deen Mohammad; Nasif, Saifullah Omar; Siddique, Abu Bakar; Hassan, Oliul; Siddique, Abu Bakar; Paul, Narayan Chandra

Abstract

The application of polyploidy in sustainable agriculture has already brought much appreciation among researchers. Polyploidy may occur naturally or can be induced in the laboratory using chemical or gaseous agents and results in complete chromosome nondisjunction. This comprehensive review described the potential of polyploidization on plants, especially its role in crop improvement for enhanced production and host-plant resistance development against pests and diseases. An in-depth investigation on techniques used in the induction of polyploidy, cytogenetic evaluation methods of different ploidy levels, application, and current research trends is also presented. Ongoing research has mainly aimed to bring the recurrence in polyploidy, which is usually detected by flow cytometry, chromosome counting, and cytogenetic techniques such as fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) and genomic in situ hybridization (GISH). Polyploidy can bring about positive consequences in the growth and yield attributes of crops, making them more tolerant to abiotic and biotic stresses. However, the unexpected change in chromosome set and lack of knowledge on the mechanism of stress alleviation is hindering the application of polyploidy on a large scale. Moreover, a lack of cost-benefit analysis and knowledge gaps on the socio-economic implication are predominant. Further research on polyploidy coupling with modern genomic technologies will help to bring real-world market prospects in the era of changing climate. This review on polyploidy provides a solid foundation to do next-generation research on crop improvement.

Keywords

cytogenetics; stress; polyploidy; fluorescent in situ hybridization; genomic in situ hybridization

Published in

Plants
2022, Volume: 11, number: 20, article number: 2684
Publisher: MDPI

    Associated SLU-program

    SLU Plant Protection Network

    Sustainable Development Goals

    SDG2 Zero hunger

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Horticulture

    Publication identifier

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/plants11202684

    Permanent link to this page (URI)

    https://res.slu.se/id/publ/119753