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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2023

Expression pattern of resynthesized allotetraploid Capsella is determined by hybridization, not whole-genome duplication

Duan, Tianlin; Sicard, Adrien; Glemin, Sylvain; Lascoux, Martin

Abstract

Polyploidization, the process leading to the increase in chromosome sets, is a major evolutionary transition in plants. Whole-genome duplication (WGD) within the same species gives rise to autopolyploids, whereas allopolyploids result from a compound process with two distinct components: WGD and interspecific hybridization. To dissect the instant effects of WGD and hybridization on gene expression and phenotype, we created a series of synthetic hybrid and polyploid Capsella plants, including diploid hybrids, autotetraploids of both parental species, and two kinds of resynthesized allotetraploids with different orders of WGD and hybridization. Hybridization played a major role in shaping the relative expression pattern of the neo-allopolyploids, whereas WGD had almost no immediate effect on relative gene expression pattern but, nonetheless, still affected phenotypes. No transposable element-mediated genomic shock scenario was observed in either neo-hybrids or neo-polyploids. Finally, WGD and hybridization interacted and the distorting effects of WGD were less strong in hybrids. Whole-genome duplication may even improve hybrid fertility. In summary, while the initial relative gene expression pattern in neo-allotetraploids was almost entirely determined by hybridization, WGD only had trivial effects on relative expression patterns, both processes interacted and had a strong impact on physical attributes and meiotic behaviors.

Keywords

Capsella bursa-pastoris; gene expression; hybridization; neopolyploid lines; polyploidy

Published in

New Phytologist
2023, Volume: 237, number: 1, pages: 339-353
Publisher: WILEY

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Agricultural Science

    Publication identifier

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/nph.18542

    Permanent link to this page (URI)

    https://res.slu.se/id/publ/119954