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Book chapter - Peer-reviewed, 2019

Kongsfjorden as Harbinger of the Future Arctic: Knowns, Unknowns and Research Priorities

Bischof, Kai; Convey, Peter; Duarte, Pedro; Gattuso, Jean-Pierre; Granberg, Maria; Hop, Haakon; Hoppe, Clara; Jimenez, Carlos; Lisitsyn, Leonid; Martinez, Brezo; Roleda, Michael Y.; Thor, Peter; Wiktor, Jozef M.; Gabrielsen, Geir Wing


Due to its year-round accessibility and excellent on-site infrastructure, Kongsfjorden and the Ny-Alesund Research and Monitoring Facility have become established as a primary location to study the impact of environmental change on Arctic coastal ecosystems. Due to its location right at the interface of Arctic and Atlantic oceanic regimes, Kongsfjorden already experiences large amplitudes of variability in physico/ chemical conditions and might, thus, be considered as an early warning indicator of future changes, which can then be extrapolated in a pan-Arctic perspective. Already now, Kongsfjorden represents one of the best-studied Arctic fjord systems. However, research conducted to date has concentrated largely on small disciplinary projects, prompting the need for a higher level of integration of future research activities. This contribution, thus, aims at identifying gaps in knowledge and research priorities with respect to ecological and adaptive responses to Arctic ecosystem changes. By doing so we aim to provide a stimulus for the initiation of new international and interdisciplinary research initiatives.


Flagship program; Monitoring; Land-sea-ocean-interaction; Indicator species; Pan-Arctic

Published in

Advances in Polar Ecology
2019, volume: 2, number: 2, pages: 537-562
Book title: The Ecosystem of Kongsfjorden, Svalbard
ISBN: 978-3-319-46423-7, eISBN: 978-3-319-46425-1
Publisher: Springer

Authors' information

Bischof, Kai
University of Bremen
Convey, Peter
Natural Environment Research Council (NERC)
Duarte, Pedro
Norwegian Polar Institute
Gattuso, Jean-Pierre
Sorbonne Universite
Gattuso, Jean-Pierre
Institut d'Etudes Politiques Paris (Sciences Po)
Granberg, Maria
IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute
Hop, Haakon
Norwegian Polar Institute
Hop, Haakon
UiT The Arctic University of Tromso
Hoppe, Clara
Alfred Wegener Institute, Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research
Jimenez, Carlos
Universidad de Malaga
Martinez, Brezo
Universidad Rey Juan Carlos
Roleda, Michael Y.
University of the Philippines Diliman
Norwegian Polar Institute
Wiktor, Jozef M.
Polish Academy of Sciences
Gabrielsen, Geir Wing
Norwegian Polar Institute

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