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Research article2022Peer reviewedOpen access

Using reporters of different misfolded proteins reveals differential strategies in processing protein aggregates

Schneider, Kara L.; Ahmadpour, Doryaneh; Keuenhof, Katharina S.; Eisele-Burger, Anna Maria; Berglund, Lisa Larsson; Eisele, Frederik; Babazadeh, Roja; Hoog, Johanna L.; Nystrom, Thomas; Widlund, Per O.


The accumulation of misfolded proteins is a hallmark of aging and many neurodegenerative diseases, making it important to understand how the cellular machinery recognizes and processes such proteins. A key question in this respect is whether misfolded proteins are handled in a similar way regard less of their genetic origin. To approach this question, we compared how three different misfolded proteins, guk1-7,gus1-3, and pro3-1, are handled by the cell. We show that all three are nontoxic, even though highly overexpressed, high-lighting their usefulness in analyzing the cellular response to misfolding in the absence of severe stress. We found significant differences between the aggregation and disaggregation behavior of the misfolded proteins. Specifically, gus1-3 formed some aggregates that did not efficiently recruit the proteindisaggregase Hsp104 and did not colocalize with the other misfolded reporter proteins. Strikingly, while all three misfolded proteins generally coaggregated and colocalized to specific sites in the cell, disaggregation was notably different; the rate of aggregate clearance of pro3-1 was faster than that of the other misfolded proteins, and its clearance rate was nothindered when pro3-1 colocalized with a slowly resolved mis-folded protein. Finally, we observed using super-resolutionlight microscopy as well as immunogold labeling EM in which both showed an even distribution of the different mis-folded proteins within an inclusion, suggesting that misfolding characteristics and remodeling, rather than spatial compart-mentalization, allows for differential clearance of these mis-folding reporters residing in the same inclusion. Taken together, our results highlight how properties of misfolded proteins can significantly affect processing.

Published in

Journal of Biological Chemistry
2022, Volume: 298, number: 11, article number: 102476
Publisher: ELSEVIER

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Medical Biotechnology
    Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

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