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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2022

The Helsinki Convention's agricultural nutrient governance: how domestic institutions matter

Andersen, M. S.; Andersson, A.; Brady, M.; Graversgaard, M.; Kilis, E.; Pedersen, A. B.; Hvarregaard Thorsoe, M.; Valve, H.


National policy styles and path-dependencies are affecting the abilities of Baltic Sea countries to deliver on their commitments under the Helsinki Convention. This article synthesizes evidence and insights from studies relating to the provisions on agricultural nutrient management, a main source of marine pollution. We contend that governments that are strongly concentrated vertically, while fragmented horizontally, lack capacity including with respect to informal institutions that can leverage implementation. As a stocktaking of institutional impediments to sustainable development, our analysis has wider relevance for other international agreements with Baltic Sea countries involved.


Implementation; Agri-environmental; national policy styles; nutrient recycling; HELCOM; marine pollution; international environmental agreement

Published in

Journal of Baltic Studies

Authors' information

Andersen, M. S.
Aarhus University
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Economics
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Economics
Graversgaard, M.
Aarhus University
Kilis, E.
Baltic Studies Centre (BSC)
Pedersen, A.B.
Aarhus University
Hvarregaard Thorsøe, M.
Aarhus University
Valve, H.
Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE)

UKÄ Subject classification

Social Sciences Interdisciplinary
Environmental Sciences

Publication Identifiers


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