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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2022

Variations in Growth and Photosynthetic Traits of Polyploid Poplar Hybrids and Clones in Northeast China

Jiang, Luping; Xu, Xiangzhu; Cai, Qun; Han, Rui; Tigabu, Mulualem; Jiang, Tingbo; Zhao, Xiyang

Abstract

To evaluate differences among 19 different ploidy hybrid poplar clones grown in northeast China, 21 traits related to growth traits and photosynthetic characteristics were detected and analyzed. Abundant phenotypic variations exist among and within populations, and these variations are the basis of forest tree genetic improvements. In this research, variance analysis showed that the traits except the net photosynthesis rate among the different ploidies and all the other traits exhibited significant differences among the ploidies or clones (p < 0.01). Estimation of phenotypic coefficients of variation, genotypic coefficients of variation, and repeatability is important for selecting superior materials. The larger the value, the greater the potential for material selection improvement. The repeatability of the different traits ranged from 0.88 to 0.99. The phenotypic and genotypic coefficients of variation of all the investigated traits ranged from 6.88% to 57.40% and from 4.85% to 42.89%, respectively. Correlation analysis showed that there were significant positive correlations between tree height, diameter, and volume. Transpiration rate, intercellular carbon dioxide concentration, and stomatal conductance were significantly positively correlated with each other but negatively correlated with instantaneous water use efficiency. Growth traits were weakly correlated with photosynthetic indexes. The rank correlation coefficient showed that most of the growth indicators reached a significant correlation level among different years (0.40-0.98), except 1-year-old tree height with 4-year-old tree height and 1-year-old ground diameter with 3-year-old tree height, which indicated the potential possibility for early selection of elite clones. Principal analysis results showed that the contribution rate of the first principal component was 46.606%, and 2-year-old tree height, 2-year-old ground diameter, 3-year-old tree height, 3-year-old ground diameter, 3-year-old diameter at breast height, 3-year-old volume, 4-year-old tree height, 4-year-old ground diameter, 4-year-old diameter at breast height, and 4-year-old volume showed higher vector values than other traits. With the method of multiple-trait comprehensive evaluation to evaluate clones, SX3.1, SY3.1, and XY4.2 were selected as elite clones, and the genetic gains of height, basal diameter, diameter at breast height, and volume of selected clones ranged from 12.85% to 64.87% in the fourth growth year. The results showed fundamental information for selecting superior poplar clones, which might provide new materials for the regeneration and improvement of forests in Northeast China.

Keywords

polyploid poplar; hybrid clones; selective breeding; comprehensive evaluation

Published in

Genes
2022, volume: 13, number: 11, article number: 2161
Publisher: MDPI

Authors' information

Jiang, Luping
Jilin Agricultural University
Jiang, Luping
Northeast Forestry University - China
Xu, Xiangzhu
Jilin University
Han, Rui
Jilin Agricultural University
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Southern Swedish Forest Research Centre
Jiang, Tingbo
Northeast Forestry University - China
Zhao, Xiyang
Northeast Forestry University - China
Zhao, Xiyang
Jilin Agricultural University

UKÄ Subject classification

Forest Science

Publication Identifiers

DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/genes13112161

URI (permanent link to this page)

https://res.slu.se/id/publ/120448