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Research article2022Peer reviewedOpen access

Synergistic Improvement of Production, Economic Return and Sustainability in the Tea Industry through Ecological Pest Management

Zheng, Rongrong; Ma, Yanli; Liu, Luxing; Jiang, Beiying; Ke, Runmei; Guo, Sisi; He, Dunchun; Zhan, Jiasui


The use of ecological principles to manage plant pests has attracted renewed attention, but our knowledge related to the contributions of ecological pest management to social and natural sustainability is fragmented. In this study, we compared the performance and resilience of tea production and the economic benefits of tea ecological management (TEM) and tea conventional management (TCM). We show that TEM significantly improved tea biomass and quality, nutritional efficiency, and beneficial insects, but reduced seasonal variation. As a result, economic return increased by $8045/ha in the TEM mode compared to $6064/ha in the TCM mode. These results confirm that TEM is a promising production mode that can reconcile the conflict between the immediate and long-term service of agriculture. However, environmental improvements associated with organic pest control benefit society, and the government should provide adequate financial support to promote the production system.


pest management; eco-economic analysis; tea production; ecological resilience; sustainable agriculture

Published in

2022, Volume: 8, number: 12, article number: 1155
Publisher: MDPI

    Associated SLU-program

    SLU Plant Protection Network

    Sustainable Development Goals

    SDG9 Industry, innovation and infrastructure

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Agricultural Science

    Publication identifier


    Permanent link to this page (URI)