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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2022

Free-range use and intestinal parasites in organic/free-range laying hens

Göransson, Lina; Bestman, Monique; van Niekerk, Thea; Ferrante, Valentina; Gunnarsson, Stefan; Grilli, Guido; Arndt, Saskia S.; Rodenburg, T. Bas


Intestinal parasites are commonly found in non-cage laying hens. Some of these parasites reduce welfare and performance. Anthelmintics are not always effective and may lead to residues in eggs and in the environment. The aim of this study was to evaluate the relationship between free-range use and infections with intestinal parasites in organic laying hens, in order to identify directions for preventive measures. The study included 40 farms in three countries. Per farm, 6 pooled soil and 14 pooled fecal samples were analysed using the McMaster method. Range use on flock level was assessed in several ways. Of the fecal samples, 71% (median) contained ascarid eggs, with a median of 143 eggs/gram (EPG). Capillaria eggs were found in 7% (median) of the fecal samples (median EPG = 5). Of the soil samples, 0% (median) contained ascarids eggs. Capillaria eggs were only detected in Italian soil samples. No relationship was found between parasite eggs in feces and range use or flock performance (% of lay, mortality). The low number of ascarid eggs and regionally the absence of Capillaria eggs in free-range soil suggest to focus further investigations on the conditions inside the hen house rather than in the free-range.


Ascaridia galli; Heterakis gallinarum; Capillaria; free-range

Published in

Journal of Applied Poultry Research
2022, article number: 100321

Authors' information

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Animal Environment and Health
Bestman, Monique
Louis Bolk Institute
van Niekerk, Thea
Livestock Research, Wageningen UR
Ferrante, Valentina
University of Milan
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Animal Environment and Health
Grilli, Guido
University of Milano, Italy
Arndt, Saskia S.
Utrecht University
Rodenburg, T. Bas
Utrecht University

UKÄ Subject classification

Animal and Dairy Science

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