Skip to main content
Book chapter - Peer-reviewed, 2022

Soil Compaction Due to Agricultural Field Traffic: An Overview of Current Knowledge and Techniques for Compaction Quantification and Mapping

Keller, Thomas; Lamandé, Mathieu; Naderi-Boldaji, Mojtaba; de Lima, Renato Paiva


Soil compaction caused by agricultural vehicles is a global problem affecting a considerable proportion of all arable land and causing tremendous costs to farmers and society. Soil compaction reduces soil porosity and modifies pore geometry, thereby adversely affecting key soil ecological, hydrological and agronomic functions. This chapter provides an overview of current knowledge on stress propagation, soil compressive behaviour, impacts of soil compaction on soil properties and functions and recovery of soil structure after compaction, and discusses the costs of soil compaction. We provide an overview of non-destructive measurement techniques and approaches for improving description and quantification of soil compaction at spatial scales from the soil pore to the field. Finally, we discuss sensor systems for on-the-go mapping of soil compaction and provide a perspective for future development of sensor fusions for soil compaction identification and mapping.


Soil stress; Stress–strain relationship; Soil functions; X-ray computed tomography; Acoustic emissions; Geophysics Horizontal penetrometer; Sensor fusion

Published in

Innovations in Landscape Research
2022, pages: 287-312
Book title: Advances in Understanding Soil Degradation
ISBN: 978-3-030-85681-6, eISBN: 978-3-030-85684-7
Publisher: Springer

Authors' information

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Soil and Environment
Lamandé, Mathieu
Aarhus University
Naderi-Boldaji, Mojtaba
Shahrekord University
de Lima, Renato Paiva
Universidade Federal Rural de Pernambuco (UFRPE)

UKÄ Subject classification

Soil Science

Publication Identifiers


URI (permanent link to this page)