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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2023

A peat core Hg stable isotope reconstruction of Holocene atmospheric Hg deposition at Amsterdam Island (37.8(o)S)

Li, Chuxian; Enrico, Maxime; Magand, Oliver; Araujo, Beatriz F.; Le Roux, Gael; Osterwalder, Stefan; Dommergue, Aurelien; Bertrand, Yann; Brioude, Jerome; De Vleeschouwer, Francois; Sonke, Jeroen E.

Abstract

Mercury (Hg) stable isotopes have been broadly used to investigate the sources, transformation and deposition of atmospheric Hg during the industrial era thanks to the multiple isotope signatures deriving from mass-dependent (represented by delta Hg-202) and mass-independent fractionation (represented by AxxxHg) in the environment. Less is known about the impact of past climate change on atmospheric Hg deposition and cycling, and whether Hg isotopes covary with past climate. Here, we investigate Hg concentration and Hg isotope signatures in a 6600-year-old ombrotrophic peat record from Amsterdam Island (AMS, 37.8(o)S), and in modern AMS rainfall and gaseous elemental Hg (Hg-0) samples. Results show that Holocene atmospheric Hg deposition and plant Hg uptake covary with dust deposition, and are both lower under a high humidity regime associated with enhanced Southern Westerly Winds. Modern AMS gaseous Hg-0 and rainfall HgII isotope signatures are similar to those in the Northern Hemisphere (NH). Holocene peat delta Hg-199 and A200Hg are significantly correlated (R2 = 0.67, P < 0.001, n = 58), consistently oscillating between the modern Hg-0 and rainfall Hg-II end-members. Peat A200Hg and delta Hg-199 provide evidence of plant uptake of Hg-0 as the dominant pathway of Hg deposition to AMS peatland, with some exceptions during humid periods. In contrast to NH archives generally documenting a modern increase in delta Hg-199, recent peat layers (post-1900CE) from AMS show the lowest delta Hg-199 in the peat profile (-0.42 +/- 0.27 parts per thousand, 1cs, n = 8). This likely reflects a significant change in the post-depositional process on deposited anthropogenic Hg in 20th century (i.e. dark abiotic reduction), enabling more negative delta Hg-199 to be observed in AMS peat. We further find that the oscillations of Hg isotopes are consistent with established Holocene climate variability from dust proxies. We suggest peat Hg isotope records might be a valid rainfall indicator. (C) 2022 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

Keywords

Hg stable isotopes; Southern Hemisphere; Peat; Rain; Hg deposition

Published in

Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta
2023, Volume: 341, pages: 62-74
Publisher: PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Climate Research

    Publication identifier

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2022.11.024

    Permanent link to this page (URI)

    https://res.slu.se/id/publ/121234