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Review article - Peer-reviewed, 2023

Recent Progress in Biomass-Derived Carbon Materials for Li-Ion and Na-Ion Batteries-A Review

Molaiyan, Palanivel; Dos Reis, Glaydson Simoes; Karuppiah, Diwakar; Subramaniyam, Chandrasekar M.; Garcia-Alvarado, Flaviano; Lassi, Ulla


Batteries are the backbones of the sustainable energy transition for stationary off-grid, portable electronic devices, and plug-in electric vehicle applications. Both lithium-ion batteries (LIBs) and sodium-ion batteries (NIBs), most commonly rely on carbon-based anode materials and are usually derived from non-renewable sources such as fossil deposits. Biomass-derived carbon materials are extensively researched as efficient and sustainable anode candidates for LIBs and NIBs. The main purpose of this perspective is to brief the use of biomass residues for the preparation of carbon anodes for LIBs and NIBs annexed to the biomass-derived carbon physicochemical structures and their aligned electrochemical properties. In addition, an outlook and some challenges faced in this promising area of research is presented. This review enlightens the readers with valuable insights and a reasonable understanding of issues and challenges faced in the preparation, physicochemical properties, and application of biomass-derived carbon materials as anode candidates for LIBs and NIBs.


biomass; carbon materials; lithium-ion batteries; sodium-ion batteries; anode materials

Published in

2023, volume: 9, number: 2, article number: 116

Authors' information

Molaiyan, Palanivel
University of Oulu
Karuppiah, Diwakar
University of Pennsylvania
Subramaniyam, Chandrasekar M.
San Pablo CEU University
Garcia-Alvarado, Flaviano
San Pablo CEU University
Lassi, Ulla
University of Jyvaskyla
Lassi, Ulla
University of Oulu

UKÄ Subject classification

Materials Chemistry

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