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Research article2024Peer reviewed

The state and perceptions of human-crocodile interactions around Murchison falls conservation area, Uganda

Ashepet, Mercy-Gloria; Dahdouh-Guebas, Farid; Redpath, Steve; Pooley, Simon; Huge, Jean


Wildlife conflicts between people and large herbivores or mammalian carnivores are widely researched in Africa, but there is limited work on human-crocodile conflicts (HCC). In Uganda, conservation efforts have enabled the recovery of the Nile Crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus) population, yet the expanding human population and activities increasingly overlap with crocodile habitats resulting in negative interactions. This study used a combination of literature review, surveys, and the Nominal Group Technique to investigate the factors underpinning HCC around Murchison Falls Conservation Area. Results indicate that 115 attacks on humans occurred during 2012-2017, 84.3% of these being fatal. Also, 93.1% of the attacks occurred as victims were either fishing or collecting water. Construction of crocodile exclusion enclosures and translocation of problem crocodiles to protected areas were the most preferred mitigation measure. To reduce the prevalence of human injuries and offset local hostility toward crocodiles, conservation actors need to actively engage the affected communities.


Attacks; human-wildlife conflicts; Murchison falls National Park; Nile crocodile; nominal group technique; Uganda

Published in

Human Dimensions of Wildlife
2024, Volume: 29, number: 2, pages: 194-209

      SLU Authors

    • Redpath, Stephen

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Fish and Wildlife Management

    Publication identifier


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