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Research article2023Peer reviewedOpen access

Hydroponic Optimization and Screening of Aluminum Tolerance on Finger Millet (Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.) Accessions and Cultivars

Brhane , Haftom; Haileselassie, Teklehaimanot; Tesfaye, Kassahun; Ortiz, Rodomiro; Hammenhag, Cecilia; Geleta, Mulatu Dida


Finger millet (Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.) is an annual allotetraploid that belongs to the grass family Poaceae subfamily Chloridoideae. Using less productive cultivars, biotic and abiotic stresses affect the yield and productivity of finger millet in Ethiopia. This research was aimed at investigating the acidity/Al tolerance of 328 finger millet accessions and 15 cultivars from Ethiopia and Zimbabwe. Prior to screening the accessions, optimization was performed on 15 cultivars and 15 accessions under three Al concentrations (0, 75, and 100 & mu;M), and, afterward, 100 & mu;M of Al concentration was selected as the threshold level. Root length (RL) and shoot length (SL) were recorded after 10 days of treatment. Accessions 215836, 215845, and 229722 and cultivars Urji, Bareda, and Axum were found Al-tolerant, while cultivars Tadesse, Padet, and Kumsa and accessions 212462, 215804, and 238323 were found Al-susceptible. ANOVA on RL indicated that the variance due to environment (42.3) was higher than genotypic variance (0.37). Whereas, the ANOVA on SL indicated the variance due to environment was not significant, and genotypic variance (0.18) was higher than environmental (0.02). RL was highly affected due to Al stress, while no distinct and visible symptoms were observed on SL. Furthermore, the screening of 328 accessions under 100 & mu;M and the control resulted in Al-tolerant (n = 20), intermediate (225), and Al-susceptible (83). The results of the present study reveal that the presence of acid-tolerant accessions can be used as inputs for breeders to improve the productivity of finger millet in acidic areas.


Al tolerance; finger millet; hydroponic; optimization; root length

Published in

2023, Volume: 13, number: 6, article number: 1596