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Review article2023Peer reviewedOpen access

Biomass-derived carbon-silicon composites (C@Si) as anodes for lithium-ion and sodium-ion batteries: A promising strategy towards long-term cycling stability: A mini review

Simões Dos Reis, Glaydson; Molaiyan, Palanivel; Subramaniyam, Chandrasekar M.; Garcia-Alvarado, Flaviano; Paolella, Andrea; Pequeno de Oliveira, Helinando; Lassi, Ulla


The global need for high energy density and performing rechargeable batteries has led to the development of high-capacity silicon-based anode materials to meet the energy demands imposed to electrify plug-in vehicles to curtail carbon emissions by 2035. Unfortunately, the high theoretical capacity (4200 mA h g(-1)) of silicon by (de)alloy mechanism is limited by its severe volume changes (Delta V similar to 200% - 400%) during cycling for lithium-ion batteries (LIBs), while for sodium-ion batteries (NIBs) remain uncertain, and hence, compositing with carbons (C@Si) represent a promising strategy to enable the aforementioned practical application. The present review outlines the recent progress of biomass-derived Si-carbon composite (C@Si) anodes for LIBs and NIBs. In this perspective, we present different types of biomass precursors, silicon sources, and compositing strategies, and how these impact on the C@Si physicochemical properties and their electrochemical performance are discussed.


Biomass carbon; Biobased-silicon; Silicon-carbon anodes; Volume expansion; Sustainable batteries

Published in

Electrochemistry Communications
2023, Volume: 153, article number: 107536

    Sustainable Development Goals

    SDG7 Affordable and clean energy

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Other Chemical Engineering

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