- Department of Clinical Sciences, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Auckburally, Adam; Wiklund, Maja; Lord, Peter; Nyman, Gorel
OBJECTIVE To measure changes in regional lung perfusion using CT angiography in mechanically ventilated, anesthetized ponies administered pulsed inhaled nitric oxide (PiNO) during hypotension and normotension.ANIMALS 6 ponies for anesthetic 1 and 5 ponies for anesthetic 2.PROCEDURES Ponies were anesthetized on 2 separate occasions, mechanically ventilated, and placed in dorsal recumbency within the CT gantry. Pulmonary arterial, right atrial, and facial arterial catheters were placed. During both anesthet-ics, PiNO was delivered for 60 minutes and then discontinued. Anesthetic 1: hypotension (mean arterial pressure < 70 mmHg) was treated using dobutamine after 30 minutes of PiNO delivery. Following the discontinuation of PiNO, dobutamine administration was discontinued in 3 ponies and was continued in 3 ponies. The lung was imaged at 30, 60, and 105 minutes. Anesthetic 2: hypotension persisted throughout anesthesia. The lung was imaged at 30, 60, and 90 minutes. At all time points, arterial and mixed venous blood samples were analyzed and cardiac output (Qt) was measured. Pulmonary perfusion was calculated from CT image analysis.RESULTS During PiNO delivery, perfusion to well-ventilated lungs increased if ponies were normotensive, leading to increased arterial oxygenation, reduced alveolar dead space, and reduced alveolar to arterial oxygen tension gradient. When PiNO was stopped and dobutamine administration continued, alveolar dead space and venous admixture increased, in contrast to when dobutamine and PiNO were both discontinued.CLINICAL RELEVANCE If PiNO is administered to mechanically ventilated, anesthetized ponies with concurrent hypotension and low Qt, this must be supported to achieve favorable redistribution of pulmonary perfusion to improve pulmonary gas exchange.
American Journal of Veterinary Research
2023, Volume: 84, number: 6, article number: 0005
Publisher: AMER VETERINARY MEDICAL ASSOC