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Research article2021Peer reviewedOpen access

Carbon dioxide fluxes increase from day to night across European streams

Attermeyer, Katrin; Casas-Ruiz, Joan Pere; Fuss, Thomas; Pastor, Ada; Cauvy-Fraunie, Sophie; Sheath, Danny; Nydahl, Anna C.; Doretto, Alberto; Portela, Ana Paula; Doyle, Brian C.; Simov, Nikolay; Roberts, Catherine Gutmann; Niedrist, Georg H.; Timoner, Xisca; Evtimova, Vesela; Barral-Fraga, Laura; Basic, Tea; Audet, Joachim; Deininger, Anne; Busst, Georgina;
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Abstract

Globally, inland waters emit over 2 Pg of carbon per year as carbon dioxide, of which the majority originates from streams and rivers. Despite the global significance of fluvial carbon dioxide emissions, little is known about their diel dynamics. Here we present a large-scale assessment of day- and night-time carbon dioxide fluxes at the water-air interface across 34 European streams. We directly measured fluxes four times between October 2016 and July 2017 using drifting chambers. Median fluxes are 1.4 and 2.1mmolm(-2) h(-1) at midday and midnight, respectively, with night fluxes exceeding those during the day by 39%. We attribute diel carbon dioxide flux variability mainly to changes in the water partial pressure of carbon dioxide. However, no consistent drivers could be identified across sites. Our findings highlight widespread day-night changes in fluvial carbon dioxide fluxes and suggest that the time of day greatly influences measured carbon dioxide fluxes across European streams. Diel patterns can greatly impact total stream carbon dioxide emissions, with 39% greater carbon dioxide flux during the night-time relative to the day-time, according to a study of 34 streams across Europe.

Published in

Communications earth & environment
2021, Volume: 2, number: 1, article number: 118Publisher: SPRINGERNATURE

      SLU Authors

        UKÄ Subject classification

        Oceanography, Hydrology, Water Resources

        Publication identifier

        DOI: https://doi.org/10.1038/s43247-021-00192-w

        Permanent link to this page (URI)

        https://res.slu.se/id/publ/123285