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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2022

Nanoceria-nanocellulose hybrid materials for delayed release of antibiotic and anti-inflammatory medicines

Gaio, Servane; Svensson, Fredric G.; Breijaert, Troy C.; Seisenbaeva, Gulaim A.; Kessler, Vadim G.

Abstract

A novel nanoceria-nanocellulose hybrid material has been developed and evaluated as a potential drug delivery system. Crystalline nanoceria was synthesized in situ in the nanocellulose to obtain a homogenous distribution without extensive particle aggregation. The hybrid materials were loaded with two antibiotic drugs, triclosan and ampicillin, and one anti-inflammatory drug, diclofenac. The bacteriostatic effect on the gram-negative bacteria Escherichia coli was evaluated for the hybrid materials containing triclosan and ampicillin. The nanoceria-nanocellulose hybrid displayed a better retention of ampicillin than triclosan in the disc diffusion test, which is likely due to the presence of the carboxylic acid group in ampicillin that has better affinity for ceria compared to the phenolic group in triclosan. However, drug release studies in solution revealed rapid release of ampicillin and diclofenac, indicative of outer-sphere complexes between ceria and the drugs.

Published in

Materials advances
2022, Volume: 3, number: 19, pages: 7228-7234
Publisher: ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY