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Research article2023Peer reviewedOpen access

Melatonin Enhances the Photosynthesis and Antioxidant Enzyme Activities of Mung Bean under Drought and High-Temperature Stress Conditions

Kuppusamy, Anitha; Alagarswamy, Senthil; Karuppusami, Kalarani M.; Maduraimuthu, Djanaguiraman; Natesan, Senthil; Ramalingam, Kuttimani; Muniyappan, Umapathi; Subramanian, Marimuthu; Kanagarajan, Selvaraju


Mung bean, a legume, is sensitive to abiotic stresses at different growth stages, and its yield potential is affected by drought and high-temperature stress at the sensitive stage. Melatonin is a multifunctional hormone that plays a vital role in plant stress defense mechanisms. This study aimed to evaluate the efficiency of melatonin under individual and combined drought and high-temperature stress in mung bean. An experiment was laid out with five treatments, including an exogenous application of 100 & mu;M melatonin as a seed treatment, foliar spray, and a combination of both seed treatment and foliar spray, as well as absolute control (ambient condition) and control (stress without melatonin treatment). Stresses were imposed during the mung bean's reproductive stage (31-40 DAS) for ten days. Results revealed that drought and high-temperature stress significantly decreased chlorophyll index, Fv/Fm ratio, photosynthetic rate, stomatal conductance, and transpiration rate through increased reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. Foliar application of melatonin at 100 & mu;M concentration enhanced the activity of antioxidant enzymes such as superoxide dismutase, catalase, and ascorbate peroxidase and the concentration of metabolites involved in osmoregulation and ion homeostasis; thereby, it improves physiological and yield-related traits in mung bean under individual and combined stress at the reproductive stage.


antioxidant enzyme; drought and high-temperature stress; gas exchange parameters; melatonin; yield

Published in

2023, Volume: 12, number: 13, article number: 2535Publisher: MDPI

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Agricultural Science

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