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Review article - Peer-reviewed, 2023

Insights on cisgenic plants with durable disease resistance under the European Green Deal

Schneider, Kevin; Barreiro-Hurle, Jesus; Vossen, Jack; Schouten, Henk J.; Kessel, Geert; Andreasson, Erik; Kieu, Nam Phuong; Strassemeyer, Joern; Hristov, Jordan; Rodriguez-Cerezo, Emilio


Significant shares of harvests are lost to pests and diseases, therefore, minimizing these losses could solve part of the supply constraints to feed the world. Cisgenesis is defined as the insertion of genetic material into a recipient organism from a donor that is sexually compatible. Here, we review (i) conventional plant breeding, (ii) cisgenesis, (iii) current pesticide-based disease management, (iv) potential economic implications of cultivating cisgenic crops with durable disease resistances, and (v) potential environmental implications of cultivating such crops; focusing mostly on potatoes, but also apples, with resistances to Phytophthora infestans and Venturia inaequalis, respectively. Adopting cisgenic varieties could provide benefits to farmers and to the environment through lower pesticide use, thus contributing to the European Green Deal target.

Published in

Trends in Biotechnology
2023, Volume: 41, number: 8, pages: 1027-1040
Publisher: CELL PRESS