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Research article2023Peer reviewedOpen access

Genetic Diversity and Population Structure in Ethiopian Mustard (Brassica carinata A. Braun) as Revealed by Single Nucleotide Polymorphism Markers

Tesfaye, Misteru; Feyissa, Tileye; Hailesilassie, Teklehaimanot; Kanagarajan, Selvaraju; Zhu, Li-Hua


Ethiopian mustard (Brassica carinata A. Braun) is currently one of the potential oilseeds dedicated to the production for biofuel and other bio-industrial applications. The crop is assumed to be native to Ethiopia where a number of diversified B. carinata germplasms are found and conserved ex situ. However, there is very limited information on the genetic diversity and population structure of the species. This study aimed to investigate the genetic diversity and population structure of B. carinata genotypes of different origins using high-throughput single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers. We used Brassica 90K Illumina InfiniumTM SNP array for genotyping 90 B. carinata genotypes, and a total of 11,499 informative SNP markers were used for investigating the population structure and genetic diversity. The structure analysis, principal coordinate analysis (PcoA) and neighbor-joining tree analysis clustered the 90 B. carinata genotypes into two distinct subpopulations (Pop1 and Pop2). The majority of accessions (65%) were clustered in Pop1, mainly obtained from Oromia and South West Ethiopian People (SWEP) regions. Pop2 constituted dominantly of breeding lines and varieties, implying target selection contributed to the formation of distinct populations. Analysis of molecular variance (AMOVA) revealed a higher genetic variation (93%) within populations than between populations (7%), with low genetic differentiation (PhiPT = 0.07) and poor correlation between genetic and geographical distance (R = 0.02). This implies the presence of gene flow (Nm > 1) and weak geographical structure of accessions. Genetic diversity indices showed the presence of moderate genetic diversity in B. carinata populations with an average genetic diversity value (HE = 0.31) and polymorphism information content (PIC = 0.26). The findings of this study provide important and relevant information for future breeding and conservation efforts of B. carinata.


Brassica carinata; genetic diversity; population structure; single nucleotide polymorphism marker

Published in

2023, Volume: 14, number: 9, article number: 1757
Publisher: MDPI