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Research article2024Peer reviewedOpen access

"Land-sparing benefits biodiversity while land-sharing benefits ecosystem services": Stakeholders' perspectives on biodiversity conservation strategies in boreal forests

Lofroth, Therese; Merinero, Sonia; Johansson, Johanna; Nordstrom, Eva-Maria; Sahlstrom, Emma; Sjogren, Joergen; Ranius, Thomas


Biodiversity conservation and economic profit from forests can be combined by various land-sparing and land-sharing approaches. Using a semi-structured survey, we evaluated support for scenarios representing contrasting conservation strategies in a managed boreal forest landscape. Land-sparing approaches were supported by the conservation organisation, regional administrations and the forest company, mainly motivated by the benefit for biodiversity based on ecological theory. Land-sharing approaches were supported by one recreational organisation, some municipalities and the forest owners' association, mainly motivated by the delivery of ecosystem services. Stakeholder groups using certain ecosystem services had motivations that we related to an anthropocentric mindset, while others focused more on species conservation, which can be related both to an anthropocentric or an ecocentric mindsets. Forest conservation planning should consider stakeholders' preferences to handle land-use conflicts. Since reaching consensus among multiple stakeholders seems unfeasible, a combination of land-sparing and land-sharing approaches is probably the best compromise.


Forestry; Nature reserves; Scenario analysis; SLOSS; Stakeholder analysis

Published in

AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment
2024, Volume: 52, number: 3, pages: 20-33
Publisher: SPRINGER