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Review article2023Peer reviewedOpen access

The Systematics, Reproductive Biology, Biochemistry, and Breeding of Sea Buckthorn-A Review

Nybom, Hilde; Ruan, Chengjiang; Rumpunen, Kimmo


Both the fruit flesh and seeds of sea buckthorn have multiple uses for medicinal and culinary purposes, including the valuable market for supplementary health foods. Bioactive compounds, such as essential amino acids, vitamins B, C, and E, carotenoids, polyphenols, ursolic acid, unsaturated fatty acids, and other active substances, are now being analyzed in detail for their medicinal properties. Domestication with commercial orchards and processing plants is undertaken in many countries, but there is a large need for improved plant material with high yield, tolerance to environmental stress, diseases, and pests, suitability for efficient harvesting methods, and high contents of compounds that have medicinal and/or culinary values. Applied breeding is based mainly on directed crosses between different subspecies of Hippophae rhamnoides. DNA markers have been applied to analyses of systematics and population genetics as well as for the discrimination of cultivars, but very few DNA markers have as yet been developed for use in selection and breeding. Several key genes in important metabolic pathways have, however, been identified, and four genomes have recently been sequenced.


Hippophae; chemical contents; cultivar development; DNA markers; genetics; medicinal plant; systematics

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2023, Volume: 14, number: 12, article number: 2120

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      SLU Plant Protection Network

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