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Research article2024Peer reviewedOpen access

Hybridized Renewable Energy for Smart Vehicle-to-Grid (V2G) Systems

Amertet, Sairoel; Gebresenbet, Girma


Wind and sunlight are increasingly being exploited as energy supplies that never run out. Additionally, renewable energy resources, including sun, wind, and geothermal heat, are being used for different technologies. It was considered the use of hybridized wind-solar energy resources in smart vehicle technology. A thorough understanding of an integrated framework of the hybridized renewable energy for smart vehicle-to-grid (V2G) systems is essential and required to further identify and perhaps maximize existing opportunities. Aiming to develop a vehicle-to-grid (V2G) system where the smart vehicle runs on stored sunshine and wind energy, and vehicle batteries store energy and release it to the electricity grid in peak demand periods. To achieve this aim, mathematical models for solar and wind systems were created and entire 24-h simulations were run for case studies of three smart vehicles, which were assessed for different scenarios and circumstances, using the MATLAB/SIMULINK environment. The estimated values obtained were home load 10 MW, power factor 0.15 MVA, industrial load 0.16 MVA, and smart car-to-grid, solar panel farm, and wind farm power of 4 MW, 8 MW, and 4.5 MW, respectively. Therefore, the hybridized wind-solar energy sources were applicable for all three smart vehicles considered.


smart vehicle-to-grid system; wind farm; solar panel farm; renewable energy

Published in

Energy Exploration & Exploitation
2024, Volume: 42, number: 1, pages: 292-308

    Sustainable Development Goals

    SDG7 Affordable and clean energy

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