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Research article2023Peer reviewedOpen access

Assessing Farm Efficiency Through Quantities or Revenues and Costs: Does It Matter?


We examined the effect of using input and output quantities as compared with costs and revenues when estimating farm-level efficiency scores and ranking. We used farm-level data from the 2015 Ethiopia Rural Socioeconomic Survey (ERSS) where production inputs and outputs in quantities as well as monetary units could be distinguished. Average technical efficiency scores of 72.2% and 68.6%, respectively, were found for analysis based on quantities and on costs and revenues. Efficiency ranking differed significantly. Results suggest that type of data compilation introduces bias to the efficiency assessment and that conclusions may be unclear, which complicates policy advice.


accounting data; data envelopment analysis; output; production factors; technical efficiency

Published in

Journal of Agricultural and Applied Economics
2023, Volume: 55, number: 3, pages: 551-565

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      Business Administration

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