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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2023

Liver Oxidative Status, Serum Lipids Levels after Bariatric Surgery and High-Fat, High-Sugar Diet in Animal Model of Induced Obesity

Kazura, Wojciech; Michalczyk, Katarzyna; Skrzep-Poloczek, Bronislawa; Chelmecka, Elzbieta; Zalejska-Fiolka, Jolanta; Michalski, Marek; Kukla, Michal; Jochem, Jerzy; Rutkowski, Jakub; Stygar, Dominika

Abstract

Nutritional status is a major determinant of hepatocyte injuries associated with changed metabolism and oxidative stress. This study aimed to determine the relations between oxidative stress, bariatric surgery, and a high-fat/high-sugar (HFS) diet in a diet-induced obesity rat model. Male rats were maintained on a control diet (CD) or high-fat/high-sugar diet (HFS) inducing obesity. After 8 weeks, the animals underwent SHAM (n = 14) or DJOS (n = 14) surgery and the diet was either changed or unchanged. Eight weeks after the surgeries, the activity of superoxide dismutase isoforms (total SOD, MnSOD, and CuZnSOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione peroxidase (GPx), glutathione reductase (GR), and lutathione S-transferase, as well as the thiol groups (-SH) concentration, total antioxidant capacity (TAC), total oxidative stress (TOS) levels, and malondialdehyde (MDA) concentration liver tissue were assessed. The total cholesterol, triglycerides (TG), and high-density lipoprotein (HDL) concentrations were measured in the serum. The total SOD and GPX activities were higher in the SHAM-operated rats than in the DJOS-operated rats. The MnSOD activity was higher in the HFS/HFS than the CD/CD groups. Higher CuZnSOD, GST, GR activities, -SH, and MDA concentrations in the liver, and the triglyceride and cholesterol concentrations in the serum were observed in the SHAM-operated rats than in the DJOS-operated rats. The CAT activity was significantly higher in the HFS-fed rats. Lower TAC and higher TOS values were observed in the SHAM-operated rats. Unhealthy habits after bariatric surgery may be responsible for treatment failure and establishing an obesity condition with increased oxidative stress.

Keywords

bariatric surgery; duodenojejunal omega switch; high-fat, high-sugar diet; lipids; liver; oxidative stress

Published in

International Journal of Molecular Sciences
2023, Volume: 24, number: 22, article number: 16535
Publisher: MDPI

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Nutrition and Dietetics
    Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

    Publication identifier

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/ijms242216535

    Permanent link to this page (URI)

    https://res.slu.se/id/publ/127577