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Review article - Peer-reviewed, 2023

Plant Metabolomics: Current Initiatives and Future Prospects

Manickam, Sudha; Rajagopalan, Veera Ranjani; Kambale, Rohit; Rajasekaran, Raghu; Kanagarajan, Selvaraju; Muthurajan, Raveendran

Abstract

Plant metabolomics is a rapidly advancing field of plant sciences and systems biology. It involves comprehensive analyses of small molecules (metabolites) in plant tissues and cells. These metabolites include a wide range of compounds, such as sugars, amino acids, organic acids, secondary metabolites (e.g., alkaloids and flavonoids), lipids, and more. Metabolomics allows an understanding of the functional roles of specific metabolites in plants' physiology, development, and responses to biotic and abiotic stresses. It can lead to the identification of metabolites linked with specific traits or functions. Plant metabolic networks and pathways can be better understood with the help of metabolomics. Researchers can determine how plants react to environmental cues or genetic modifications by examining how metabolite profiles change under various crop stages. Metabolomics plays a major role in crop improvement and biotechnology. Integrating metabolomics data with other omics data (genomics, transcriptomics, and proteomics) provides a more comprehensive perspective of plant biology. This systems biology approach enables researchers to understand the complex interactions within organisms.

Keywords

metabolomics; analytical tools; mass spectrometry; plant metabolomics; crop improvement

Published in

Current Issues in Molecular Biology
2023, Volume: 45, number: 11, pages: 8894-8906
Publisher: MDPI

    Associated SLU-program

    SLU Plant Protection Network

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
    Botany
    Bioinformatics and Systems Biology

    Publication identifier

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/cimb45110558

    Permanent link to this page (URI)

    https://res.slu.se/id/publ/127646