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Research article2024Peer reviewedOpen access

From climate perceptions to actions: A case study on coffee farms in Ethiopia

Gomm, Xenia; Ayalew, Biruk; Hylander, Kristoffer; Zignol, Francesco; Borjeson, Lowe; Tack, Ayco J. M.


Increasing temperatures and shifting precipitation patterns have major consequences for smallholder farmers, especially in the Global South. Our study examined spatial patterns and climatic drivers of farmers' perceptions of climate change, and how these perceptions translated into adaptation actions. We interviewed 56 farmers in southwestern Ethiopia and analyzed ERA5-Land reanalysis climate data from 1971 to 2020. The majority of farmers perceived the recorded temperature increase as well as a decrease and shift in the timing of rainfall. Perceived climate change varied with local climate factors and not with the rate of climate change itself. Farmers' adaptation practices showed associations with local temperature, but not with farmers' perceptions of climate change. Our findings highlight that even if farmers perceive climate change, perceptions are most common in areas where climate action is already urgent, and perceptions may not translate into adaptation. Thus, targeted and timely information and extension programs are crucial.


Agroforestry; Climate adaptation; Climate change; Climate perception; Coffee; Ethiopia

Published in

AMBIO: A Journal of the Human Environment
Publisher: SPRINGER

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Environmental Sciences

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