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Research article2024Peer reviewedOpen access

Heterogeneity in farmers’ stage of behavioural change in intercropping adoption: an application of the Transtheoretical Model

Ha, Thi Thanh Mai; Manevska Tasevska, Gordana; Weih, Martin; Hansson, Helena


Despite its potential economic and environmental benefits, intercropping adoption remains limited in Europe. Drawing upon the Transtheoretical Model, this paper views adoption decision as stages of behavioural change. The paper aims to investigate socioeconomic, behavioural, and policy factors associated with stage of change in intercropping adoption in Sweden. Exploratory factor analysis and generalized ordered logit regression were performed on data from a nation-wide farmer survey conducted in 2021 with 388 usable replies. Results show that farmers with better knowledge of intercropping, a higher evaluation of financial benefits and ease of intercropping, and ley growers were more likely to progress to higher stages of the adoption process. Farmers who have higher perceived seed separation costs, a lower education level, and are older tend to remain at lower stages. Perceived environmental benefits of intercropping, household income, and instrumental values of farming could turn non-adopters into either potential adopters or actual adopters. We found no significant association between policy support and stage of change in intercropping adoption. Policy implications aimed at fostering intercropping adoption were discussed.


Adoption determinants; Farmer behaviour; Intercropping; Stages of change; Sustainable farming

Published in

Agricultural and Food Economics
2024, Volume: 12, number: 1, article number: 12