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Research article2024Peer reviewedOpen access

Food security and the value of game animals-a study of Sweden

Gren, Ing-Marie; Andersson, Hans; Jonasson, Lars; Knutsson, Rickard


The food security value of wild meat is calculated by combining proxy methods for quantifying game animal abundance with shadow pricing techniques for assessing the unit values of food security. This study calculated the food security values of moose, roe deer, wild boar, and fallow deer for Sweden overall and for individual counties. The results showed that meat from these animal populations accounts for approximately 9% of meat consumption in Sweden and for 1.2% of the minimum energy food consumption during periods of crisis for the whole of Sweden, while in some counties it can be as much as 8%. The calculated unit value, or shadow price, of the minimum energy requirement ranged between euro 0.1 and euro 4.2/mcal, depending on the magnitude of the crisis scenario. At most, the total food security value of actual animal population sizes amounted to 0.50 billion euros, but this was unevenly distributed, with high values in counties that have an abundance of moose and wild boar.


Food security; Value; Game animals; Shadow pricing; Sweden

Published in

European Journal of Wildlife Research
2024, Volume: 70, number: 2, article number: 35
Publisher: SPRINGER

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    • UKÄ Subject classification

      Nutrition and Dietetics

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