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Research article2024Peer reviewedOpen access

Bio-based composites from bagasse using carbohydrate enriched cross-bonding mechanism: A formaldehyde-free approach

Islam, Md. Nazrul; Liza, Afroza Akter; Dey, Moutusi; Das, Atanu Kumar; Faruk, Md Omar; Khatun, Mst Liza; Ashaduzzaman, Md; Xi, Xuedong


In this study, cross-bonded self-binding and bone glue-bonded particleboards were manufactured from sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum L.) bagasse with different pre-treatments of particles. Six types of panels were manufactured from bagasse particles with and without bone glue. The physical, mechanical, and thermal properties of the panels were examined according to the standards. Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy and thermogravimetric analysis (TG) were performed to investigate the changes in the chemical bonds and thermal stability of the fabricated composites, respectively. It was found that cross-bonded bagasse self-binding (TC) and bone glue-bonded (T3) panels fabricated from non-boiled bagasse particles showed higher physical and mechanical properties compared to the other types of panels. Non-boiled bagasse particles with bone glue panels showed the highest mechanical properties, i.e., modulus of rupture (MOR = 26.22 MPa), modulus of elasticity (MOE = 4302 MPa), tensile strength = 8.35 MPa, and hardness = 1.72 MPa. TC and T3 panels also showed higher thermal stability compared to the other types of panels. A new peak at 3331-3334 cm-1 for the N-H stretching vibration in the FTIR analysis represents the presence of bone glue in the cross-bonded particleboards. Thus, this research advances the production of formaldehyde-free bagasse particleboard, introducing the cross-bonding technique and sustainable bone glue.


Sugarcane bagasse; Bio-based adhesive; Cross-bonded boards; Physical properties; Mechanical properties

Published in

Carbohydrate Polymer Technologies and Applications
2024, Volume: 7, article number: 100467Publisher: ELSEVIER

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Bio Materials
    Polymer Technologies

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