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Research article2003Peer reviewed

Effect of milk- and TRIS-based extenders on the fertility of sheep inseminated vaginally once or twice with liquid semen

Paulenz H, Soderquist L, Adnoy T, Fossen OH, Berg KA


We studied the influence of two different extenders, a milk-based versus a TRIS-based extender, using a split-sample technique, on fertility after single and double vaginal inseminations in natural estrous in Norwegian Crossbred ewes. Semen from 21 Norwegian Crossbred rams, all aged approximately 0.5 years, was used for AI of totally 561 Norwegian Crossbred ewes housed at 37 different farms. The farmers performed the inseminations themselves. The ewes were allocated to four parallel groups based on the two extenders and single or double inseminations (2 x 2). The farmers were recommended to inseminate the ewes between 12 and 24 h after detection of natural standing estrous. Vaginal insemination with cooled liquid semen diluted in the milk-based extender resulted in a statistically significant (P < 0.01) better fertility of about 10% units both as 25-day NR (non return rate)-and lambing rates, compared with semen diluted in the TRIS-based extender. Double inseminations gave significantly higher (P = 0.03) fertility results for both extenders expressed as 25-day NR results, but was not quite statistically significant when expressed as lambing rates (P = 0.06) compared with single insemination. The overall 25-day NR results for the milk-based extender (66.4%) after single inseminations is in accordance with both the national results (67.1%) based on vaginal inseminations of 11.377 ewes, as well as with the results from a previous study in the same region achieving a 25-day NR results of 63.3%. In conclusion, liquid ram semen diluted in a milk-based extender and vaginally inseminated once in natural heat, with a semen dose of 150 x 10(6) spermatozoa, gave acceptable fertility results and is to be recommended as the method of choice in Norway. (C) 2003 Elsevier Science Inc. All rights reserved


sheep; artificial insemination; vaginal deposition; liquid semen extenders

Published in

2003, Volume: 60, number: 4, pages: 759-766

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Animal and Dairy Science
    Veterinary Science

    Publication identifier


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