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Research article2024Peer reviewed

Preparation of xylooligosaccharides from rice husks and their structural characterization, antioxidant activity, and probiotic properties

Tian, Shuangqi; Yang, Ziyi; Yan, Feng; Xue, Xing'ao; Lu, Jing

Abstract

Rice husks are rich in xylan, which can be hydrolyzed by xylanase to form xylooligosaccharides (XOS). XOS are a functional oligosaccharide such as improving gut microbiota and antioxidant properties. In this study, the structure and functional characteristics of XOS were studied. The optimal xylanase hydrolysis conditions through response surface methodology (RSM) were: xylanase dosage of 3000 U/g, hydrolysis time of 3 h, hydrolysis temperature of 50 degrees C. Under this condition, the yield of XOS was 150.9 mg/g. The TG-DTG curve showed that XOS began to decompose at around 200 degrees C. When the concentration of XOS reached 1.0 g/L, the clearance rate of DPPH center dot reached 65.76 %, and the scavenging rate of center dot OH reached 62.10 %, while the clearance rate of ABTS free radicals reached 97.70 %, which was equivalent to the clearance rate of VC. XOS had a proliferative effect on four probiotics: Lactobacillus plantarum, Lactobacillus brucelli, Lactobacillus acidophilus, and Lactobacillus rhamnosus. However, the further experiments are needed to explore the improvement effect of XOS on human gut microbiota, laying a foundation for the effective utilization of XOS. XOS have a wide range of sources, low price, and broad development prospects. The reasonable utilization of XOS can bring greater economic benefits.

Keywords

Xylooligosaccharides; Rice husks; Biological activity

Published in

International Journal of Biological Macromolecules
2024, Volume: 271, number: Part 2, article number: 132575

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Food Science

    Publication identifier

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2024.132575

    Permanent link to this page (URI)

    https://res.slu.se/id/publ/130153