Skip to main content
SLU publication database (SLUpub)

Research article2024Peer reviewedOpen access

Effects of biochar types on seed germination, growth, chlorophyll contents, grain yield, sodium, and potassium uptake by wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) under salt stress

Duan, Sumei; AL-Huqail, Arwa Abdulkreem; Alsudays, Ibtisam Mohammed; Younas, Mobeen; Aslam, Alishba; Shahzad, Ahmad Naeem; Qayyum, Muhammad Farooq; Rizwan, Muhammad; Alhaj Hamoud, Yousef; Shaghaleh, Hiba; Hong Yong, Jean Wan; et al.

Abstract

Soil salinity is a significant challenge in agriculture, particularly in arid and semi-arid regions such as Pakistan, leading to soil degradation and reduced crop yields. The present study assessed the impact of different salinity levels (0, 25, and 50 mmol NaCl) and biochar treatments (control, wheat-straw biochar, rice-husk biochar, and sawdust biochar applied @ 1% w/w) on the germination and growth performance of wheat. Two experiments: a germination study and a pot experiment (grown up to maturity), were performed. The results showed that NaCl-stress negatively impacted the germination parameters, grain, and straw yield, and agronomic and soil parameters. Biochar treatments restored these parameters compared to control (no biochar), but the effects were inconsistent across NaCl levels. Among the different biochars, wheat-straw biochar performed better than rice-husk and sawdust-derived biochar regarding germination and agronomic parameters. Biochar application notably increased soil pH(s) and electrical conductivity (ECe). Imposing NaCl stress reduced K concentrations in the wheat shoot and grains with concomitant higher Na concentrations in both parts. Parameters like foliar chlorophyll content (a, b, and total), stomatal and sub-stomatal conductance, and transpiration rate were also positively influenced by biochar addition. The study confirmed that biochar, particularly wheat-straw biochar, effectively mitigated the adverse effects of soil salinity, enhancing both soil quality and wheat growth. The study highlighted that biochar application can minimize the negative effects of salinity stress on wheat. Specifically, the types and dosages of biochar have to be optimized for different salinity levels under field conditions.

Keywords

Salinity; Cereals; Pyrolysis; Organic-waste-management

Published in

BMC Plant Biology
2024, Volume: 24, number: 1, article number: 487

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Horticulture
    Agricultural Science
    Botany

    Publication identifier

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12870-024-05188-0

    Permanent link to this page (URI)

    https://res.slu.se/id/publ/130178