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Research article2024Peer reviewedOpen access

Wind as a Driver of Peat CO2 Dynamics in a Northern Bog

Campeau, A.; He, H.; Riml, J.; Humphreys, E.; Dalva, M.; Roulet, N.

Abstract

Excess CO2 accumulated in soils is typically transported to the atmosphere through molecular diffusion along a concentration gradient. Because of the slow and constant nature of this process, a steady state between peat CO2 production and emissions is often established. However, in peatland ecosystems, high peat porosity could foster additional non-diffusive transport processes, whose dynamics may become important to peat CO2 storage, transport and emission. Based on a continuous record of in situ peat pore CO2 concentration within the unsaturated zone of a raised bog in southern Canada, we show that changes in wind speed create large diel fluctuations in peat pore CO2 store. Peat CO2 builds up overnight and is regularly flushed out the following morning. Persistently high wind speed during the day maintains the peat CO2 with concentrations close to that of the ambient air. At night, wind speed decreases and CO2 production overtakes the transport rate leading to the accumulation of CO2 in the peat. Our results indicate that the effective diffusion coefficient fluctuates based on wind speed and generally exceeds the estimated molecular diffusion coefficient. The balance between peat CO2 accumulation and transport is most dynamic within the range of 0-2 m s(-1) wind speeds, which occurs over 75% of the growing season and dominates night-time measurements.

Keywords

Carbon dioxide; peatlands; wind; diffusion; respiration; eddy-covariance; non-diffusive transport; continuous measurements

Published in

Ecosystems
2024,
Publisher: SPRINGER

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Soil Science

    Publication identifier

    DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10021-024-00904-1

    Permanent link to this page (URI)

    https://res.slu.se/id/publ/130201