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Research article2024Peer reviewedOpen access

The Poses for Equine Research Dataset (PFERD)

Li, Ci; Mellbin, Ylva; Krogager, Johanna; Polikovsky, Senya; Holmberg, Martin; Ghorbani, Nima; Black, Michael J.; Kjellstrom, Hedvig; Zuffi, Silvia; Hernlund, Elin


Studies of quadruped animal motion help us to identify diseases, understand behavior and unravel the mechanics behind gaits in animals. The horse is likely the best-studied animal in this aspect, but data capture is challenging and time-consuming. Computer vision techniques improve animal motion extraction, but the development relies on reference datasets, which are scarce, not open-access and often provide data from only a few anatomical landmarks. Addressing this data gap, we introduce PFERD, a video and 3D marker motion dataset from horses using a full-body set-up of densely placed over 100 skin-attached markers and synchronized videos from ten camera angles. Five horses of diverse conformations provide data for various motions from basic poses (eg. walking, trotting) to advanced motions (eg. rearing, kicking). We further express the 3D motions with current techniques and a 3D parameterized model, the hSMAL model, establishing a baseline for 3D horse markerless motion capture. PFERD enables advanced biomechanical studies and provides a resource of ground truth data for the methodological development of markerless motion capture.

Published in

Scientific Data
2024, Volume: 11, number: 1, article number: 497