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Research article2003Peer reviewed

Monoclonal antibodies to lymphocytes of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)

Jansson E, Gronvik KO, Johannisson A, Naslund K, Westergren E, Pilstrom L


Monoclonal antibodies (Mabs) to lymphocytes of rainbow trout have been developed by immunisation with synthetic peptides, prepared from selected parts of the alpha- and beta-gene sequences of the T-cell receptor (TCR). Mab 1C2 (TCR betal immunisation) identified lymphocytes in blood (11%), spleen (18%) and in thymus (9%) in flow cytometry analysis (FCM). Immune complexes of lymphocytes coupled to Mab 1C2 was used for further immunisations resulting in numerous supernatants reactive with lymphocytes in FCM, of which Mabs 7A5 and 8H4 were selected for further characterisation. Mab 7A5 identified 31% of lymphocytes in blood and 9% in the spleen. Mab 8H4 labelled 61% and 85% of lymphocytes in the same organs. Mab 8H4 reacted with the majority of the lymphocytes in the thymus (98%). Mabs 1C2, 7A5 and 8H4 recognised surface markers on both Ig(-) and Ig(+) lymphocytes in peripheral blood and in spleen in double staining experiments. An increased proportion of Ig(-) lymphocytes were identified when Ig(+) lymphocytes were eliminated by immunomagnetic separation. No cross-reactivity of Mabs 1C2, 7A5 or 8H4 to anti-thrombocyte Mabs was detected. Mab 1C2 captured molecules of about 40 and also of 55-60 kDa, in an immunoprecipitation assay. Mab 7A5 recognised an antigen of approximately 75-80 kDa and Mab 8H4 identified proteins of about 70, 100 and 150 kDa. Immunohistochemical staining by Mab 8H4 of fixed thymus, revealed a strong labelling of lymphoid cells in the outer zones of thymus. The 8H4 positive lymphoid cells surrounds circular structures, which were not labelled by Mab 8H4. These distinctly appearing structures have a similar shape as nurse cells described in mammals. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved

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Fish and Shellfish Immunology
2003, Volume: 14, number: 3, pages: 239-257

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