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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2007

Integrated carbon analysis of forest management practices and wood substitution

Eriksson E, Gillespie AR, Gustavsson L, Langvall O, Olsson M, Sathre R, Stendahl J


The complex fluxes between standing and harvested carbon stocks, and the linkage between harvested biomass and fossil fuel substitution, call for a holistic, system-wide analysis in a life-cycle perspective to evaluate the impacts of forest management and forest product use on carbon balances. We have analysed the net carbon emission under alternative forest management strategies and product uses, considering the carbon fluxes and stocks associated with tree biomass, soils, and forest products. Simulations were made using three Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) forest management regimes (traditional, intensive management, and intensive fertilization), three slash management practices (no removal, removal, and removal with stumps), two forest product uses (construction material and biofuel), and two reference fossil fuels (coal and natural as). The greatest reduction of net carbon emission occurred when the forest was fertilized. slash and stumps were harvested, wood was used as construction material, and the reference fossil fuel was coal. The lowest reduction occurred with a traditional forest management, forest residues retained on site, and harvested biomass was used as biofuel to replace natural gas. Product Use had the greatest impact on net carbon emission, whereas forest management regime, reference fossil fuel, and forest residue usage as biofluel were less significant

Published in

Canadian Journal of Forest Research
2007, volume: 37, number: 3, pages: 671-681

Authors' information

Eriksson, Erik
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Energy and Technology
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Unit for Field-based Forest Research
Olsson, Mats
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Forest Soils
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Forest Soils
Gillespie, Andrew
Purdue University
Gustavsson, Leif
Sathre, Roger

UKÄ Subject classification

Social Sciences
Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use
Renewable Bioenergy Research
Forest Science
Economics and Business

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