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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2006

Conservation implications of exporting domestic wood harvest to neighboring countries

Mayer AL, Kauppi PE, Tikka PM, Angelstam PK


Among wealthy countries, increasing imports of natural resources to allow for unchecked consumption and greater domestic environmental conservation has become commonplace. This practice can negatively affect biodiversity conservation planning if natural resource harvest is merely pushed across political borders. As an example, we focus on the boreal forest ecosystem of Finland and northwest Russia. While the majority of protected forests are in northern Finland, the majority of biodiversity is in southern Finland, where protection is more difficult due to high private ownership, and the effectiveness of functioning conservation networks is more uncertain due to a longer history of land use. In northwest Russia, the current protected areas are inadequate to preserve most of the region's naturally dynamic and old growth forests. Increased importation of wood from northwest Russia to Finland may jeopardize the long-term viability of species in high diversity conservation areas in both Russia and Finland, through isolating conservation areas and lowering the age of the surrounding forest mosaic. The boreal forest ecosystem of Fennoscandia and northwest Russia would thus be best conserved by a large scale, coordinated conservation strategy that addresses long-term conservation goals and wood consumption, forest industries, logging practices and trade. (C) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved

Published in

Environmental Science and Policy
2006, volume: 9, number: 3, pages: 228-236

Authors' information

Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, School for Forest Management
Mayer, A.L.
Kauppi, P.E.
Tikka, P.M.

UKÄ Subject classification

Economics and Business
Forest Science
Social Sciences

Publication Identifiers


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