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2007

Unintentional changes of defence traits in GM trees can influence plant-herbivore interactions

Hjälten, Joakim; Lindau, Anna; Wennström, Anders; Blomberg, Patrik; Witzell, Johanna; Hurry, Vaugham; Ericson, Lars

Abstract

GM trees hold promises of increased quality and yield and reduced use of herbicides and pesticides but could also have ecological consequences. We investigated whether modification of a non-defensive trait unintentionally influenced plant traits important for plant-herbivore interactions. We found that over-expression of sucrose phosphate synthase (SPS), which is known to increase mesophyll sucrose content and biomass production in GM aspens, also unintentionally induced changes in the concentration of plant phenolics and nitrogen. One of the GM lines, SPS33A, had higher concentrations of salicin, tremodulin, condensed tannins and nitrogen and tower concentrations of coumaric acid and four ftavonoids compared with the isogenic wild type. Line SPS33A was also utilized less by the leaf-beetle Phratora vitellinae than the isogenic wild type. Ecological consequences such as this are not specific to GM trees or GM plants but can occur as a result of the introduction of all introduced new varieties of crops or trees. Nevertheless, the results underline the need to consider these unexpected effects when evaluating both the potential benefits and the potential risks with GM plants, and highlight the need to establish and implement comprehensive product-by-product evaluation protocols for GM plants. (c) 2006 Gesellschaft fur Okologie. Published by Elsevier GrnbH. All rights reserved

Published in

Basic and Applied Ecology
2007, Volume: 8, number: 5, pages: 434-443
Publisher: ELSEVIER GMBH, URBAN & FISCHER VERLAG

      SLU Authors

    • Hjältén, Joakim

      • Department of Animal Ecology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
      • Lindau, Anna

        • Department of Animal Ecology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

            UKÄ Subject classification

            Forest Science
            Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use

            Publication identifier

            DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.baae.2006.09.001

            Permanent link to this page (URI)

            https://res.slu.se/id/publ/14759