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Research article2007Peer reviewed

Degradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in soil by a two-step sequential treatment

Pizzul L, Sjogren A, Castillo MD, Stenstroem J


The objectives of this work were to isolate the microorganisms responsible for a previously observed degradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) in soil and to test a method for cleaning a PAH-contaminated soil. An efficient PAH degrader was isolated from an agricultural soil and designated as Mycobacterium LP1. In liquid culture, it degraded phenanthrene (58%), pyrene (24%), anthracene (21%) and benzo(a)pyrene (10%) present in mixture (initial concentration 50 mu g ml(-1) each) and phenanthrene (92%) and pyrene (94%) as sole carbon sources after 14 days of incubation at 30 degrees C. In soil, Mycobacterium LP1 mineralised C-14-phenanthrene (45%) and C-14-pyrene (65%) after 10 days. The good ability of this Mycobacterium was combined with the benzo(a)pyrene oxidation effect obtained by 1% w/w rapeseed oil in a sequential treatment of a PAH-spiked soil (total PAH concentration 200 mg kg(-1)). The first step was incubation with the bacterium for 12 days and the second step was the addition of the rapeseed oil after this time and a further incubation of 22 days. Phenanthrene (99%), pyrene (95%) and anthracene (99%) were mainly degraded in the first 12 days and a total of 85% of benzo(a)pyrene was transformed during the whole process. The feasibility of the method is discussed

Published in

2007, Volume: 18, number: 5, pages: 607-616
Publisher: SPRINGER