Skip to main content
Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2007

A phytosterol database: Fatty foods consumed in Sweden and the Netherlands

Normen L, Ellegard L, Brants H, Dutta P, Andersson H


The aim of this study was to quantify seven specific dietary phytosterols (PS) (campesterol, beta-sitosterol, stigmasterol, brassicasterol, 5-avenasterol, beta-sitostanol and campestanol) in fatty foods. Gas-liquid chromatography procedure was applied to 87 items of Swedish and Dutch origin. In general, beta-sitosterol was the dominating phytosterol (60% represented the median total concentration), followed by campesterol (24%), stigmasterol (7%) and 5-avenasterol (5%), brassicasterol (3%), beta-sitostanol (1%) and campestanol (< 0.1%). The median total content of PS for the 42 fat spreads and margarines was 204mg/100g with minimum 73mg/100g in a low-fat margarine and maximum 775mg/100g in a polyunsaturated fat spread. Among 19 plant oils, median total PS content was 348mg/100g, with minimum 39mg/100g in palm oil and maximum 978/100g in corn oil. Median value for 12 nuts and seeds was 144mg/100g, with minimum 68mg/100g in coconut rasps and maximum 404mg/100g in sesame seeds. Median value for total PS was 100mg/100g among 14 miscellaneous fatty foods with minimum 11mg/100g in Dutch non-dairy ice cream and maximum 484mg/100g in mayonnaise. The results are discussed against a background of methodological aspects with the chosen analytical procedure and the importance of setting up valid PS databases for epidemiological studies. (c) 2006 Published by Elsevier Inc


database; phytosterols; phytostanols; plant sterols; plant stanols; gas liquid chromatography; GLC

Published in

Journal of Food Composition and Analysis
2007, volume: 20, number: 3-4, pages: 193-201

Authors' information

Normén, Lena
Ellegard, Lars
Brants, Henny
Dutta, Paresh
Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences, Department of Food Science
Andersson, Henrik

UKÄ Subject classification

Food Science

Publication Identifiers


URI (permanent link to this page)