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Research article2007Peer reviewed

Stand development after different thinnings in two uneven-aged Picea abies forests in Sweden

Lundqvist L, Chrimes D, Elfving B, Morling T, Valinger E


Two field experiments, located in Central and Northern Sweden, were used to study the influence of standing volume on volume increment and ingrowth in uneven-aged Norway spruce (Picea abies (L.) Karst.) stands subjected to different thinnings. Each experiment had a 3 x 2 factorial block design with two replications. Treatments were thinning grade, removing about 45, 65, and 85% of pre-thinning basal area, and thinning type, removing the larger or the smaller trees, respectively. Each site also had two untreated control plots. Plot size was 0.25 ha. Volume increment was 0.5-6.8 m(3) ha(-1) year(-1) for the plots, and significantly positively (p < 0.01) correlated with standing volume. Within treatment pairs, plots thinned from Above had consistently higher volume increment than plots thinned from Below. Ingrowth ranged from 3 to 33 stems ha(-1) year(-1), with an average of 14 and 21 stems ha(-1) year(-1) at the northern and southern site, respectively. At the southern site ingrowth was significantly negatively (p < 0.01) correlated with standing volume, but not at the northern site. Mean annual mortality after thinning was 2 and 7 stems ha(-1) year(-1) at the northern and southern site, respectively. (c) 2006 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved

Published in

Forest Ecology and Management
2007, Volume: 238, number: 1-3, pages: 141-146