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Research article2003Peer reviewedOpen access

Effect of white clover and nitrogen availability on the grain yield of winter wheat in a three-season intercropping system

Bergkvist, G


The main objective was to compare the response of grain yield to fertiliser N in a winter wheat-white clover intercropping system with the response in wheat alone. Clover was undersown in spring barley and remained established in two consecutive crops of wheat in two field experiments. Clover reduced grain yield in the first crop of wheat and increased it in the second. There was more inorganic N in the soil and a higher concentration of N in the grains in the intercropping system. The grain and N yield response to fertiliser N was equal or less with intercropped than with wheat alone. The reduction of clover biomass with a herbicide increased grain yield of the first crop of wheat without reducing the clover biomass or the positive residual effect in the second wheat crop. It was concluded that in order to produce large grain yields, competition from clover needs to be kept small when wheat is at the tillering stage

Published in

Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section B - Soil and Plant Science
2003, Volume: 53, number: 3, pages: 97-109

    UKÄ Subject classification

    Agricultural Science

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