- Bahir Dar University
Hailu, Faris; Merker, Arnulf
Ten released varieties and one hundred and eleven tetraploid (2n = 4x = 28, AABB) wheat accessions collected from different major wheat producing regions, consisting of totally 2904 entries were characterized for content of yellow pigment, gluten strength, thousand kernel weights, grain yield, percent of yellow berry, glumes color, awn color, seed color, beak shape and spike density. The objectives were to assess variation with respect to regions of origin, species and altitudinal classes and to study the interrelationships of the qualitative traits used for the study. The accessions and/or released varieties showed significant regional variation for all the traits used in the study, but clinal variation among altitudinal classes and species were significant (P <= 0.01) in 6 (60%) and 9 (90%) of the studied traits, respectively. The accessions revealed consistent variation (P <= 0.001) within both regions and altitudinal classes for all the traits used in the study. The sedimentation volume was positively correlated with content of yellow pigment, percent of yellow berry, thousand kernel weights, glumes color, awn color, beak shape, seed color and grain yield. The contents of yellow pigment was positively correlated with awn color, beak shape and grain yield, but negatively correlated with seed color and spike density. Generally wide variation was found in the germplasm. Particularly variation was high for the content of the yellow pigment as well as the gluten strength, which provides opportunities to be utilized for genetic improvement.
accessions; ethiopia; gluten strength; tetraploid wheat; Triticum; yellow pigment
Genetic Resources and Crop Evolution
2008, Volume: 55, number: 2, pages: 277-285