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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2008

Climate-driven spatial dynamics of plague among prairie dog colonies

Snall T, O'Hara RB, Ray C, Collinge SK


We present a Bayesian hierarchical model for the joint spatial dynamics of a host-parasite system. The model was fitted to long-term data on regional plague dynamics and metapopulation dynamics of the black-tailed prairie dog, a declining keystone species of North American prairies. The rate of plague transmission between colonies increases with increasing precipitation, while the rate of infection from unknown sources decreases in response to hot weather. The mean annual dispersal distance of plague is about 10 km, and topographic relief reduces the transmission rate. Larger colonies are more likely to become infected, but colony area does not affect the infectiousness of colonies. The results suggest that prairie dog movements do not drive the spread of plague through the landscape. Instead, prairie dogs are useful sentinels of plague epizootics. Simulations suggest that this model can be used for predicting long-term colony and plague dynamics as well as for identifying which colonies are most likely to become infected in a specific year

Published in

American Naturalist
2008, volume: 171, number: 2, pages: 238-248

Authors' information

University of Colorado
O'Hara, R.B.
Ray, C
Collinge, S.K.

UKÄ Subject classification

Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use

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