- Department of Forest Mycology and Pathology, Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences
Bharadwaj, Dharam Parkash; Lundquist, Per-Olof; Persson, Paula; Alstrom, Sadhna
Bacteria associated with arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungal spores may play functional roles in interactions between AM fungi, plant hosts and defence against plant pathogens. To study AM fungal spore-associated bacteria (AMB) with regard to diversity, source effects (AM fungal species, plant host) and antagonistic properties, we isolated AMB from surface-decontaminated spores of Glomus intraradices and Glomus mosseae extracted from field rhizospheres of Festuca ovina and Leucanthemum vulgare. Analysis of 385 AMB was carried out by fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) profile analysis, and some also identified using 16S rRNA gene sequence analysis. The AMB were tested for capacity to inhibit growth in vitro of Rhizoctonia solani and production of fluorescent siderophores. Half of the AMB isolates could be identified to species (similarity index 0.6) within 16 genera and 36 species. AMB were most abundant in the genera Arthrobacter and Pseudomonas and in a cluster of unidentified isolates related to Stenotrophomonas. The AMB composition was affected by AM fungal species and to some extent by plant species. The occurrence of antagonistic isolates depended on AM fungal species, but not plant host, and originated from G. intraradices spores. AM fungal spores appear to host certain sets of AMB, of which some can contribute to resistance by AM fungi against plant pathogens.
arbuscular mycorrhizal spores; bacterial diversity; fatty acid methyl ester analysis; fungal-bacterial interaction; Glomus; 16S rRNA gene sequencing
FEMS Microbiology Ecology
2008, Volume: 65, number: 2, pages: 310-322
Publisher: BLACKWELL PUBLISHING
Environmental Sciences related to Agriculture and Land-use