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Research article - Peer-reviewed, 2008

Molecular characterisation of indigenous Swedish apple cultivars based on SSR and S-allele analysis

Garkava-Gustavsson, L.; Brantestam, A. Kolodinska; Sehic, J.; Nybom, H.


trees of 68 apple cultivars aimed for preservation by the ' National Program for diversity of cultivated plants' as mandate cultivars were analysed using a set of 10 SSR (simple sequence repeat) primer pairs and the self-incompatibility (S -) locus to evaluate genetic diversity and reveal inter-cultivar relationships. The 12 polymorphic SSR loci exhibited 2 to 15 alleles with expected heterozygozity (He) ranging from 0.36 to 0.88 and a mean of 0.74. Numerous alleles were classified as rare or unique (35% and 18% respectively). For the S-locus a total of 14 alleles were identified in this study. Five alleles S-1 -S-3 S-5 and S-7 had frequencies ranging from 11 to 18% whereas the remaining 9 alleles were below 6%. All sexually obtained cultivars could be distinguished with the set of SSR loci. Sports were identical with their progenitors in two cases but differed in one SSR allele in a third case. An SSR-based dendrogram based on Roger's genetic distances did not reveal any clear pattern of clustering. The genetic distances were however correlated with a corresponding matrix obtained in a previously conducted RAPD-based study of the same cultivars. Non-mandate parents of Swedish mandate cultivars together with some other reference cultivars were included in this study to check the accuracy of allele scoring verify parentage and compare the results of this study with those presented in previously published studies. Some discrepancies in allele sizing were revealed and the possibilities of avoiding this problem are discussed.

Published in

2008, Volume: 145, number: 3, pages: 99-112